Jesús (Comanche) Cuellar, member of the Texas cavalry during the revolution, bore the name Comanche from having been a Comanche captive. In 1833 he was an alferez in the Mexican army in Tamaulipas. He was a guide for Domingo de Ugartechea in November 1835 and was ranked as a lieutenant under Martín Perfecto de Cos at the siege of Béxar in December 1835, when he deserted the Mexican forces, reported to Edward Burleson the weakness of Béxar’s defenses, and offered himself as a guide for the Texans into San Antonio. Opposed to Antonio López de Santa Anna because of an injury Santa Anna had inflicted on his brother, Cuellar joined Dr. James Grant for the proposed Matamoros expedition of 1835–36, but got only as far as Goliad, where he joined the troops of James Walker Fannin, Jr. Cuellar devised a scheme for the defeat and capture of José de Urrea’s army and led Urrea’s men into a pass where he expected Fannin to trap them, but Urrea retreated to San Patricio before Fannin could attack. Cuellar was later sent to Refugio to give warning to William Ward and from Refugio went to join the Texas army. The General Council designated Cuellar a captain. He died at Goliad in 1841.
Moseley (Mosley) Baker was born 1802 in Virginia. As a leading advocate of Texas independence from Mexico, Baker claimed to have made the first speech in favor of disunion. He was one of nine men whom Col. Domingo de Ugartechea ordered arrested at San Felipe in July 1835. The following month Baker accompanied Francis W. Johnson into East Texas to recruit men for the revolutionary army. As a member of the Consultation of 1835 Baker delivered a speech calling for the dissolution of that body. This proposal was met by a stern response from Sam Houston who, “drawing his majestic figure up to his full height,” declared “I had rather be a slave, and grovel in the dust all my life, than a convicted felon!”
Baker was one of the military leaders of the Texas Revolution. He served as a private at the battle of Gonzales, at the Grass Fight, and at engagements connected with the Siege of Béxar in December 1835. On March 1, 1836, he was elected captain of Company D, First Regiment of Texan Volunteers, the largest company in Sam Houston’s army. John P. Borden served as his first lieutenant. On Houston’s retreat into East Texas after the disasters at the Alamo and Goliad, Baker refused to abandon the line of the Brazos River. For several days his company, on detached duty, guarded the ford at San Felipe, where most of his men resided, thus preventing Santa Anna’s army from turning Houston’s left flank and forcing his retreat toward the San Jacinto River. On March 29, 1836, when Houston abandoned his position at Groce’s Retreat, Baker burned San Felipe to prevent its capture by the enemy. He contended that the destruction of the town was a result of Houston’s orders; Houston said otherwise. Baker rejoined the main army on April 14, 1836, and commanded Company D of Col. Edward Burleson’s First Regiment of Texas Volunteers at the battle of San Jacinto, where he was slightly wounded. In 1839 the Congress appointed him a brigadier general in the militia of the republic for a campaign against the Indians on the Brazos. In 1842 he was reappointed brigadier general and raised a company in response to Gen. Adrián Woll’s seizure of San Antonio. He paraded his company on the Harris County courthouse square on September 28, and “made a very eloquent and appropriate reply” to the presentation of his company flag.
Juan Antonio Badillo, Alamo defender, was born in Texas. He was one of a number of native Texans who enlisted for six months’ service and fought in the Siege of Béxar under Capt. Juan N. Seguín. After the battle, Badillo accompanied Seguín back to San Antonio de Béxar and the Alamo in February 1836. He remained in the Alamo after Seguin was sent out to rally reinforcements and died in the battle of the Alamo on March 6, 1836.
Lewis Dewall, Alamo defender, was born 1812 in New York. Dewall took part in the Siege of Béxar and later served in the Alamo garrison as a member of Capt. Robert White’s infantry company, the Béxar Guards. Dewall died in the battle of the Alamo on March 6, 1836.
Louis (Moses) Rose, a soldier of fortune who escaped from the Alamo and contributed to its legends, was born 1785 in France. He joined Napoleon’s 101st Regiment in 1806 and eventually became a lieutenant. In 1814 he was named to the French Legion of Honor for his role as aide-de-camp to Gen. Jacques de Monfort. He served in campaigns in Naples, Portugal, and Spain as well as in the invasion of Russia. He settled in Nacogdoches, Texas, about 1827. He joined the Fredonian Rebellion in 1826 and took part in the battle of Nacogdoches in 1832. Rose was a friend of James Bowie and accompanied or followed him to the Alamo in the fall of 1835. He fought in the Siege of Béxar that year. Rose served the cause of Texas independence a fourth time during the siege of the Alamo. He fought for ten days, up to three days before the fall of the fort, and then escaped. He is the source of the story about William B. Travis’s drawing a line in the dirt with his sword. Rose got the nickname Moses because of his age at the time, fifty-one. When asked, “Moses, why didn’t you stay there in the Alamo with the others?” he invariably replied, “By God, I wasn’t ready to die.”