John Chenoweth, soldier and legislator of the Republic of Texas, arrived in Texas in 1835, apparently with Capt. John W. Peacock’s company, the United States Invincibles. He is said to have paid his own way from Louisiana, where he left his wife and family. Chenoweth and his company joined the revolutionary army at Béxar on November 26, 1835. When Peacock was killed at the Siege of Béxar, December 5–10, 1835, Chenoweth was elected to command of the company, which officially enlisted for the duration of the war on December 27. On December 25 Chenoweth requested that the General Council allow him to recruit a new company of volunteers to garrison Copano. His Invincibles were officially mustered into service in February 1836, and Chenoweth still commanded them as late as that month, when they were stationed at Refugio under Col. James W. Fannin, Jr. He was, however, detached from Fannin’s command and given command of the garrison at Copano as he had requested. Soon thereafter Fannin’s men, including most of the Invincibles, were captured and executed in the notorious Goliad Massacre. Chenoweth thereupon joined Sam Houston’s army at Gonzales as a private and served in Capt. William H. Patton’s Columbia Company of Col. Sidney Sherman’s Second Regiment at the battle of San Jacinto. Houston commended him to James Collinsworth, chairman of the military committee, as “very active.” After San Jacinto, Chenoweth was elected captain of the Zavala Volunteers, on August 20, 1836. The company was assigned to the First Regiment of Gen. Thomas J. Green’s brigade and stationed at Camp Johnston. From there Chenoweth ranged the coast gathering supplies and horses for the brigade. He paid for much of this material with his own money. Nevertheless, he reported to Gen. Mirabeau B. Lamar that his requisitioning of supplies resulted in many citizens’ leaving the area and taking their livestock with them. Before July 6 he was promoted to major. Chenoweth was furloughed to attend the First Congress of the Republic of Texas, to which he had been elected from Goliad County on October 3. On October 8, 1842, Houston denied Chenoweth’s application for a commission to raise a company of rangers for the defense of the upper Colorado River frontier but instead appointed him to take charge of those Indians captured by Texans and return them to their homes in compliance with a recent treaty.
Freeman H.K. Day, Alamo defender, was born in 1806. He took part in the Siege of Béxar and later served in the Alamo garrison as a member of Capt. Robert White’s Infantry company, the Béxar Guards. Day died in the battle of the Alamo on March 6, 1836.
David Murphree was born 1811 in Tennessee. He came to Texas from Randolph County, Tennessee, in 1835 as a lieutenant in Capt. John W. Peacock’s company of volunteers and took part in the Siege of Béxar. He was discharged on February 10 and then took up duties as a clerk to Green B. Jameson, the engineer in charge of fortifying the Alamo. On March 16, 1836, he reenlisted in the army and was elected first lieutenant of Capt. William H. Patton’s Fourth Company-the so-called “Columbia Company” of Col. Sidney Sherman’s Second Regiment, Texas Volunteers. When Patton was appointed aide-de-camp on Gen. Sam Houston’s staff on the eve of San Jacinto, Murphree took command of the company and led it in the battle. He was still in the army, stationed at San Jacinto, as late as May 3, 1836.
George W. Tumlinson was born 1814 in Missouri. He entered the Texan Artillery under Almeron Dickinson on September 23, 1835. He took part in the Siege of Béxar and was discharged afterward. He reenlisted on December 14 for six months of service in Capt. William R. Carey’s artillery company. Sometime before the siege of the Alamo began, Tumlinson may have left for his home in Gonzales, returning to the Alamo on March 1, 1836, with the Gonzales Ranging Company of Mounted Volunteers. Tumlinson died in the battle of the Alamo on March 6, 1836.
Alexander Somervell was born 1796 in Maryland. In October 1835 Somervell joined the volunteers marching from Gonzales to Béxar and was elected major. He participated in the Siege of Béxar. He enrolled in the Texas army on March 12, 1836, and on April 8 was elected lieutenant colonel of the first regiment of Texas Volunteers, succeeding Sidney Sherman. He participated in the battle of San Jacinto and remained in the army until June 7, 1836. He served briefly as secretary of war in David G. Burnet’s cabinet. He was elected brigadier general on November 18, 1839.