Henry Courtman, Alamo defender, was born in Germany in 1808. He traveled to Texas from New Orleans as a member of Capt. Thomas Breece’s company of New Orleans Greys and took part in the Siege of Béxar. Courtman remained in Béxar and died in the battle of the Alamo on March 6, 1836. His brother, George F. Courtman, was killed in the Goliad Massacre.
William D. Howell, Alamo defender, was born in Massachusetts in 1797. He was a doctor and lived in New York before traveling to Texas by way of New Orleans in 1835 as a member of Capt. Thomas H. Breece’s company of New Orleans Greys. He took part in the Siege of Béxar and later served in the Alamo garrison as a member of Capt. William Blazeby’s infantry company. Howell died in the Battle of the Alamo on March 6, 1836.
Blas María Herrera, courier, soldier, and scout, often called the “Paul Revere” of the Texas Revolution, was born on February 2, 1802, in San Antonio de Béxar. He spent his first years in the Ruiz home on the southwest corner of Military Plaza in San Antonio. He is listed as a sergeant on an 1820 roster of local militia. During the Siege of Bexar in late 1835, Herrera served under the command of Capt. Juan Nepomuceno Seguín and was a member of the assaulting force on December 5–9, 1835. Early in 1836 Seguín sent him to Laredo to keep surveillance on Mexican troop movements and to report any advance on San Antonio. About the middle of February, Herrera brought the information that Mexican general Antonio López de Santa Anna’s troops were approaching the city. Herrera’s next assignment was to escort and protect José Antonio Navarro and José Francisco Ruiz during their trip to Washington-on-the-Brazos, where they signed the Texas Declaration of Independence on March 2, 1836. He died on July 9, 1878.
John Ingram was born 1808 in Kentucky. On January 4, 1827, Ingram signed a petition with many others of Austin’s colony condemning the instigators of the Córdova rebellion as “traitors” and “infamous characters” and in 1832 declined the inducement of his friend Aylett C. Buckner to join in the attack on the Mexican fort at Velasco. In September 1835, however, he enlisted with Col. John H. Moore’s command and in October 1835 fought against Gen. Martín Perfecto de Cos’s cavalry at the battle of Gonzales. In early December, as a member of Capt. Michael R. Goheen’s company, he served with great distinction at the Siege of Béxar. He reenlisted on March 15, 1836, and served until April 1 in the company led by Philip Haddox Coe. On March 21, 1836, he and three other men volunteered to guard the Atascosito Crossing of the Colorado River to prevent the Mexican army from crossing below Sam Houston’s army. Ingram led this party through the night and returned the next day to report to Houston. On April 1 he joined Capt. William W. Hill’s Company H of Col. Edward Burleson’s First Regiment, Texas Volunteers; he remained with this unit until May 29 or 30, when the company disbanded. Although Houston instructed a Maj. John Ingram, in an order dated April 5, 1836, to recruit volunteers for the army, at the battle of San Jacinto Ingram served as a private in Company H.
James L. Ewing, Alamo defender, was born in Tennessee in 1812. He took part in the Siege of Béxar as a member of Capt. William R. Carey’s artillery company and later served as secretary to Lt. Col. James C. Neill, commander of the Texan forces occupying Béxar. Ewing died in the battle of the Alamo on March 6, 1836.