Samuel C.A. Rogers was born 1810 in Virginia. He participated in battles against the Lipan Apaches and Tonkawas and in the summer of 1832 fought in the battle of Sandy Creek. On July 17, 1835, he was elected secretary of the Lavaca-Navidad Meeting, which drew up a document protesting the Mexican government’s treatment of American colonists. Mexican officials later ordered the seizure of all participants of the meeting, but warned by his future mother-in-law of his impending arrest, Rogers escaped. In the fall of 1835 he was a member of the Texas Army of the People and participated in the Grass Fight and the Siege of Béxar. During this time he served in Capt. John Alley’s company. He was a member of Capt. John Sutherland’s company from June to September 1836. In August 1840 he was also involved in the battle of Plum Creek against the Comanches, and he was with Capt. Lafayette Ward’s company on the campaign against Rafael Vásquez in 1842. Rogers died on February 13, 1892.
William Kuykendall was born 1810 in Missouri (Arkansas). At age sixteen Kuykendall accompanied his father and brothers in patrol of the Old San Antonio Road during the Fredonian Rebellion. After that he participated in protective and retaliatory pursuits of Indians. He participated in the Siege of Béxar in 1835. He also provided both horses and corn to the Army of the Republic of Texas in 1836 and 1838. From July to November 1836 he served as a ranger under Col. Edward Burleson. He also served in the army against Rafael Vásquez in 1842. In the late 1840s Kuykendall settled his family near Mesquite Landing in Refugio County. He died at Hynes Bay on February 27, 1862.
Samuel Wolfenberger was born 1804 in Virginia. He fought under Lt. William Jarvis Russell’s command in the battle of Velasco in June 1832. In 1834 he was named alcalde of Mina Municipality and helped form the first Committee of Safety and Correspondence on May 8, 1835. On November 28, 1835, at San Felipe de Austin he was named one of the commissioners responsible for the organization of the Texas militia within the jurisdiction of Mina. Earlier that month, on November 17, he had enlisted in the Mina Volunteers for the campaign in San Antonio de Béxar and took part in the Siege of Béxar in early December 1835. He was discharged from the Texas army in San Antonio on December 13, 1835. He later served as second sergeant in Robert M. Coleman’s company of rangers (forerunner of the Texas Rangers) with headquarters at Coleman’s Fort on the Colorado. Samuel Wolfenberger died on April 10, 1860, and was buried ten miles southwest of Bastrop in the Wolfenberger cemetery.
Spencer Houston Jack was born 1809 in Georgia. He was the first colonist to draw Mexican blood in resistance to Mexican authority. On November 24, 1831, George Fisher ordered shipmasters to obtain clearance at Anahuac before sailing from the Brazos and certain other ports. Compliance for a vessel docked on the lower Brazos necessitated an overland journey of 200 miles or more, round-trip. On December 15, 1831, the Sabine, commanded by Capt. Jeremiah Brown, ran past the Mexican barracks at the mouth of the Brazos with cotton bales arranged on deck to protect the passengers and crew. The Mexican fusillade damaged only the ship’s rigging. The Nelson, under Capt. Samuel Fuller, following in the Sabine’s wake, also drew fire that slightly wounded Captain Fuller, who then called for his rifle, which Jack, a passenger, seized and fired, wounding one of the soldiers in the thigh. On Christmas Day the Spica, commanded by Capt. Isaiah Doane of Boston, also sailed from the Brazos without clearance. Gen. Manuel de Mier y Terán issued an order to arrest Jack and thus prevented his immediate return to Texas.
In June 1832 Jack marched with his brother William on Anahuac to demand the release of their brother Patrick C. Jack and William Barret Travis and others imprisoned there by order of Col. John (Juan) Davis Bradburn. Years later, Jack gave Mirabeau B. Lamar an interesting written account of his activities during the Anahuac Disturbances. Jack and Peter W. Grayson, both lawyers, were commissioned to go to Mexico City to present memorials from the ayuntamientos of Texas requesting the release of Stephen F. Austin, who was then imprisoned there. He was a participant in the Siege of Béxar. Jack died in Matagorda in late 1837 or early 1838.
Plácido Benavides was a native of Reynosa, Tamaulipas, Mexico. He was elected alcalde of Guadalupe Victoria in 1832 and again in 1834. After the death of his father-in-law in 1833, the Mexican government authorized him to continue the settlement contract and recruit colonists. As captain of the colony’s militia he built a fort, the Round Top House, for the defense of Guadalupe Victoria, and with his brother-in-law Silvestre De León led several attacks against the Comanches and Tonkawas. Benavides continued his prominent role during the Texas Revolution.
In October 1835 he successfully led the resistance against surrendering to Mexican forces a cannon. With John J. Linn Benavides went to Gonzales to train the volunteers amassing there after the battle of Gonzales. The two proposed to intercept Gen. Martín Perfecto de Cos, who had landed at Copano and, after marching to Goliad, was en route to reinforce Ugartechea at Béxar; but finding most at Gonzales unwilling, Benavides and Linn joined Benjamin Fort Smith’s company, which set out to liberate Goliad. Benavides arrived in Guadalupe Victoria ahead of the company and became one of many Victorians joining George M. Collinsworth’s Matagorda volunteers, who were on the way to liberate Goliad themselves. He became leader of a company of about thirty Mexican rancheros in Collinsworth’s force, which captured Goliad on October 9–10, 1835. On October 14 he and his rancheros left with Smith’s men, following Gen. Stephen F. Austin’s orders, and marched to San Antonio, where they fought against Cos in the Siege of Béxar. Benavides received notice for his gallantry and efficiency, especially as part of the division under Francis W. Johnson that assaulted the house of Juan Martín Veramendi.
In early 1836 Benavides was warned by the alcalde of Matamoros that Antonio López de Santa Anna planned to draw Texans to Matamoros in order to defeat them from the rear while Santa Anna simultaneously attacked Goliad and Béxar. Benavides traveled to San Patricio and informed Robert C. Morris of the plot. Morris enclosed Benavides’s warning in a letter dated February 6 to James Walker Fannin, who was then at Refugio planning to carry out the provisional government’s campaign against Matamoros. Benavides’s message caused Fannin instead to remove his headquarters to Goliad.
Later in February Benavides, appointed by the General Council as a first lieutenant in the regular cavalry, was with Morris and Reuben R. Brown as part of Dr. James Grant’s party of twenty-six men who were procuring horses near San Patricio for Grant’s and Francis W. Johnson’s own Matamoros expedition. Grant’s men were surprised by Mexican general José de Urrea’s forces, and in the ensuing battle of Agua Dulce Creek, Grant dispatched Benavides to Goliad to warn Fannin of Urrea’s advance.
Though Benavides was an ardent foe of Santa Anna, like many colonists he remained loyal to Mexico and therefore could not support the move toward Texas independence that he found at Goliad. He returned to Guadalupe Victoria after carrying Grant’s message to Fannin and attempted to isolate himself and his family on his ranch, only to find himself later rendering aid to Isaac D. Hamilton, quartermaster of Jack Shackelford’s Red Rovers, who had escaped the Goliad Massacre. Confronted by lancers of Urrea’s army looking for stragglers, Benavides was compelled to surrender his severely wounded companion. Hamilton was later saved by Francita Álavez, the “Angel of Goliad,” and then escaped.
After the battle of San Jacinto Benavides was ostracized with most other Mexican Texans for his supposed sympathy with Mexico and forced to flee with the De León family to New Orleans. He died in Opelousas, Louisiana, in 1837.